Factors determining the success of a livestock farm and animal farm are: Risk reduction of farm contamination, cleanliness, humidity and temperature level that are affecting animals.
Cleanliness, Humidity, Temperature Affects Animals
- Animal shelter must be clean and dry regularly.
- Moisture is a controller to cool off the animal’s body. If the relative humidity is very high and with high temperature, animal’s sweat will not evaporate i.e. its body cannot cool off. The suitable level of relative humidity is generally 50-80%. Animals prefer cool ambient with low humidity.
- Each type of animals prefers different temperature range. When building the animal shelter, its temperature should be kept around 25 degrees Celsius. Generally, the meat-yielding animals will stop growing or yielding low at the temperature below 15 degrees Celsius or higher than 35 degrees Celsius.
IXL Insulated Panel for Animal Shelter, Good Temperature Control with Moisture Protection
- IXL panels can be cleaned easily with water or water with soap dissolved or water with detergent dissolved. Then rinse with clean water.
- IXL panels can retard further flame spread and penetration.
- IXL panels can relieve heat flowing into building, save electricity costs.
- IXL panels are moisture protection with low water absorption.
- IXL panels effectively maintain the temperature to the desired level.
Face Profile Options For Animal Shelter
For an animal shelter, it is recommended to use galvanized steel (CB) for rust prevention, coated with 3-layer Modified Polyester (Food Grade). This complies with USDA standards and regulations.
- BlueScope SD ZM180 Antibacterial Steel: Zinc Coat 180 g/m2, 0.45-0.60mm total coated thickness (TCT)
- BlueScope SD ZM120 Steel: Zinc Coat 120 g/m2, 0.45mm total coated thickness (TCT)
Remark: For a pig shelter, it is recommended to use BlueScope SD ZM180 Antibacterial Steel: Zinc Coat 180 g/m2, 0.45-0.60mm total coated thickness (TCT)
Insulation Options For Animal Shelter
To choose insulation options and its thickness depending on the temperature required in the animal shelter
EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) is generally used in panel applications for animal shelters due to its insulation properties and high strength to weight ratio. Two grades of EPS are utilised in IXL Insulated Panels; P – Grade (standard) and F – Grade (Self Extinguish).
XPS (Extruded Polystyrene or Styrofoam) is used in applications where a higher strength to weight ratio is required. Styrofoam offers greater insulation properties as well as higher resistance to water absorption and reduce leakage risk
PUR (Polyurethane) is made from fully cured foam slabs thereby ensuring they are flat and not subject to further shrinkage when cut. Besides being a high insulating material, it is also CFC free ensuring and Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) of zero
PIR (Polyisocyanurate) has similar properties to PUR. Even though PIR is not non – combustible, it does not burn in the same way as other foams such as EPS and PUR. When subject to fire, PIR forms a carbonaceous layer which retards further flame spread and penetration.